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Who does what in Denmark?

Information on how the Danish prevention model is organised, including details of local, regional and national stakeholders can be found here.

Denmark has spent a number of years building up a robust, cross-sectoral cooperation for the prevention of extremism and radicalisation, involving municipalities and – increasingly – civilian stakeholders as well. This cooperation involves a number of politico-administrative levels and sectors and is implemented locally, regionally and nationally.

The most significant stakeholders are:

Local and regional authorities

98 municipalities

Municipalities work with extremism prevention that involves citizens. For instance, municipalities are able to implement measures aimed at young people at risk according to the law on social services or other legislation. Municipalities are also responsible for broad, supporting measures at nurseries, schools and other institutions. These are based on the demands of legislation relating to state and independent schools, which specify that schools must prepare their students for life in a society that enjoys freedom and democracy.

12 police districts

The purpose of the preventive work done by the police is to implement measures to prevent crime and the onset of criminal behaviour among children and young people in particular. When the police are made aware that an individual has committed a crime or is at risk of doing so, they are responsible for intervening and taking appropriate action. Radicalisation is part of the crime prevention effort as a parameter for concern involving risk behaviour on a par with other behavioural parameters such as neglecting classes at school, shoplifting, externalising behaviour and suchlike.

5 regions – treatment psychiatry

The regions are responsible for hospital services and the private practice sector. Like all other institutions that come into contact with citizens, healthcare institutions are responsible for remaining alert to warning signs in connection with extremism and radicalisation, and for being aware of the associated opportunities for action and reporting of such signs. Treatment psychiatry and trauma treatment are just two of the areas where there may be special reasons for remaining alert to warning signs.

Cooperations involving crime prevention authorities

A significant part of the prevention work is addressed by municipalities, regions, the police and the Danish Prison and Probation Service as part of their general crime prevention efforts under the auspices of the special crime prevention cooperations:

  • SSP – a cooperation involving schools, social authorities and the police
  • PSP – a cooperation involving the psychiatric care services, social authorities and the police
  • KSP – a cooperation involving the Danish Prison and Probation Service, social authorities and the police

This means that SSP, PSP and KSP staff are alert to the risk of radicalisation among young people, along with other forms of risk behaviour that may result in crimes being committed. These staff also work extensively with existing social and healthcare methods to prevent radicalisation. Selected municipal and police staff – in other words, staff from the SSP cooperation – have received additional training on extremism and radicalisation.

Regional Info-Houses

The Info-Houses are supported by Denmark's 12 police districts and provide a framework for the efforts of the crime prevention cooperations’ work to investigate and deal with specific concerns with regard to radicalisation, travel to armed conflict zones, etc. These Info-Houses also provide a forum for knowledge sharing, where challenges and methods relating to prevention of extremism can be discussed.

National authorities

The most significant national stakeholders are:

Ministry of Immigration and Integration

  • Agency for International Recruitment and Integration (SIRI) at the Danish Centre for Prevention of Extremism

Ministry of Justice

  • Danish Security and Intelligence Service (PET)
  • Danish Prison and Probation Service
  • Danish Police National Crime Prevention Centre (NFC)

Ministry of Children, Education and Gender Equality

  • National Agency for Quality and Supervision (STUK)

Ministry for Children and Social Affairs

  • National Board of Social Services at VISO

Ministry of Foreign Affairs

More about the national authorities

Danish Centre for Prevention of Extremism

The Danish Centre for Prevention of Extremism supports preventive work within municipalities, crime prevention cooperations, educational institutions, housing organisations, associations, etc. The centre provides advice to municipalities and other stakeholders on developing action plans for the prevention of extremism. The centre is also responsible for ongoing development of new prevention activities and methods, both in local communities and online. The centre also works in cooperation with PET to help provide upskilling training to professionals who are responsible for preventing extremism and dealing with specific concerns, namely under the auspices of the crime prevention cooperations and Info-Houses. In this connection, the centre also works in cooperation with the municipalities to provide specific prevention tools such as mentors, parent coaches and young dialogue facilitators for the local initiatives. A coordination team involving relevant national authorities and representatives of agencies such as KL – Local Government Denmark and Danske Regioner has been established in consultation with the centre to support coordination of the prevention effort.

Danish Security and Intelligence Service (PET)

PET has had a prevention centre since 2007 which is responsible for initiating and implementing initiatives and projects that, together with relevant stakeholders, aim to prevent violent extremism and radicalisation as early as possible. These initiatives are intelligence-driven and threat-based and involve the intelligence service's knowledge and experience of terrorism, investigations, etc. The previous prevention work carried out by PET has three main points of focus: outreach and communication with civil society, development of capacity and knowledge among professional teams of specialists, and exit programmes aimed at individuals who are already involved in an extremist environment.

Danish Prison and Probation Service

The Danish Prison and Probation Service works to prevent radicalisation at Danish prisons and other Danish Prison and Probation Service institutions through mentoring programmes and by training staff to detect signs of extremism and radicalisation, dealing with alerts and implementing measures relating to social work and/or security. There is particular emphasis here on cooperation between authorities, including information exchange when incarcerating and releasing prisoners. The Danish Prison and Probation Service also attends meetings at the Regional Info-Houses.

Danish Police National Crime Prevention Centre (NFC)

The Danish Police National Crime Prevention Centre defines the direction of the crime prevention efforts of the police district, including initiatives relating to the SSP, PSP and KSP cooperation, and provides support and coordination. The centre's job includes promoting cooperation with external stakeholders and developing new methods and approaches to the prevention work carried out by the police. NFC gathers research-based intelligence and best practice and is also responsible for police tasks that involved citizens, including initiatives in particularly vulnerable residential areas and tasks relating to the local police district. The National Exit Contact Point is also supported by the NFC. This contact point is an authority partnership involving the Danish Prison and Probation Service, Local Government Denmark (KL) and the police concerning the exit initiative for individuals wishing to leave biker and gang environments.

National Agency for Quality and Supervision (STUK)

The National Agency for Quality and Supervision, which is answerable to the Ministry of Education, provides support and guidance to municipalities, primary and lower secondary schools and upper secondary schools on how they can incorporate democracy, civic citizenship and the community in their teaching and other educational initiatives and enhance the critical skills of all children and young people and deal with concerns associated with extremism and radicalisation.

National Organisation for Knowledge and Special Counselling (VISO)

In specific individual cases where there are concerns for citizens who are showing signs of radicalisation, VISO works under the auspices of the Ministry for Social Affairs and the Interior to offer advice and investigate citizens' situations and need for support.

last modified Jun 08, 2018